Vertical Forest (Bosco Vertical) Milano, Italy
In terms of good practices, the first good practice is an investment at European level. The good practice itself is not for tourism use, but as a residential building, but the basic concept can also be used for new-build hotels.
The building was inaugurated in October 2014 in Milan in the Porta Nuova Isola area, as part of a wider renovation project led by Hines Italia. Milan’s Vertical Forest consists of two towers of 80 and 112 metres, hosting 480 large and medium trees, 300 small trees, 11,000 perennial and covering plants and 5,000 shrubs. The equivalent – over an urban surface of 1,500 m2 – of 20,000 m2 of forest and undergrowth.
The Vertical Forest increases biodiversity. It promotes the formation of an urban ecosystem where various plant types create a separate vertical environment, but which works within the existing network, able to be inhabited by birds and insects (with an initial estimate of 1,600 specimens of birds and butterflies).
The vertical forest helps to create a microclimate and filter fine pollutants from the urban environment. Planted plants improve humidity, absorb significant CO2, produce oxygen and protect against UV and noise pollution.
In terms of urban density, each tower is equivalent to about 50 000 m2 of single-family houses and buildings on the periphery.
The roofs are of course fitted with solar panels and recycling is part of the water management.
The building has won the CTBUH “Best Tall Building Worldwide 2015” and the International Tall Building Award 2014-2015, sponsored by the Deutsch, Architekturmuseum (DAM) Frankfurt and Deka Bank.
The green wall of the Neumann János University Campus in Kecskemét, Hungary
The first phase of a new campus of the Neumann János University in Kecskemét has already been completed and further developments are underway. The building features innovative architectural solutions and sustainable energy management.
The building was designed from the outset to be modern and sustainable. The solar panels on the roof provide an average of 5-6% of the facility’s electricity needs per year. In addition, the Education Building does not use fossil energy sources such as gas, and heating is geothermal, with 118 ground-source heat pumps providing the heating and cooling system. Thanks to sustainability solutions, more than half of the building’s energy consumption comes from green sources.
Green up is relatively simple to build, and thanks to its mobile nature, it can be easily set up anywhere. It does not require a high technical basis and does not require any special maintenance. Care must be taken to choose the right plants for the light conditions.
The thermal and acoustic insulation of green walls is unrivalled. They provide better, more oxygenated air, a more natural experience and a more relaxed environment.
The above justifies their use in tourism, even in hotel lobbies.