For tourism to be sustainable, all stakeholders must be involved. Freeman (1984, p. 46) defines stakeholder as “any group or individual who can affect or is affected by the achievement or the organization’s objectives”. Four main stakeholders who play roles in tourism development according to Goeldner and Ritchie (2005) are the tourist, the business providing tourist goods and services, which is entrepreneur, the government of the host community or area and the host community, that is, the residents. Each of these stakeholders is critical towards successful tourism activities.
The challenges that the stakeholders listed above must face will certainly concern tourists, workers and the community involved to adopt the most practical and ideal solutions for the protection of ecosystems. This can be applied through awareness campaigns, activities involving tourists and the resident community, training courses to make the workers self-employed and responsible, organizing events to create a solid network between local stakeholders.