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During recent times, phrase “digitalisation” (also referred as digital transformation) tourism sector has been mentioned repeatedly in different contexts. It is undoubtful that digital transformation is fundamentally changing the model and way of operations in organizations and (small) enterprises on the basis of utilizing modern digital technologies to create innovation and opportunities for business and customers. According to the World Economic Forum’s Digital Transformation Initiative (DTI), digitization processes in the travel, tourism, and aviation sectors will be worth up to $305 billion between 2016 and 2025. The same report estimates that digital transformation will bring benefits worth $700 billion to customers and society. Interestingly, the process is expected to migrate about $100 billion in value from traditional businesses to their new digital competitors.

This topic introduces green construction, which should define new buildings in the near future, whether residential or tourist facilities. The main characteristics of these buildings, the benefits they bring, the technologies currently available and the challenges we may face in this field will be presented. So-called green construction is about minimising the impact of the built environment on the natural environment, striving for high energy efficiency, using sustainable materials and preserving the biodiversity of the area.



Over the past few years, waste management has become a global concern. Commonly, waste is generated in households, factories, construction sites, refineries and nuclear power plants. As the population is increasing, consumption trends are changing. Along with the improvement in lifestyle, it has posed alarming threats to the environment. If waste is not managed properly, it can cause serious problems to human health and the environment. So, it is necessary for people and businesses to know the importance of waste management. When we talk about “waste management”, we refer to the set of actions aimed at managing the entire waste cycle. This process starts with their production up to their final treatment and disposal. The objective of the waste cycle management is that of the environmental and health impacts, the quantity of waste to be disposed of and trying to recover resources from them. The topic will focus on waste handling and its participation in the tourism sector.

This topic provides an overview of green energy. We will find out what the term means, what types of resources are included, what technologies can be used to exploit these resources, and what challenges this field faces. It will also show how green energy relates to tourism and what good examples exist in practice. Green energy is a term for energy that comes from renewable sources. Green energy is often referred to as clean, sustainable, or renewable energy. The production of green energy doesn’t release toxic greenhouse gases into the atmosphere, meaning it causes little or no environmental impact. 



In this topic, we will present basic information about how important water is for the development of humanity. If you could store all the water on Earth in 100 bottles, you would get 97 bottles of salt water, 2 bottles of fresh water hidden in ice, and just a finger of drinking water. The protection of natural water resources is one of the key goals undertaken by modern society. Water is a basic condition for the life of people, animals and plants, as well as for the economy. Water protection and management do not stop at national borders. The Water Framework Directive of the European Union sets the framework for the protection and preservation of clean water in the European Union and for its long-term and sustainable use. 

Conserving ecosystems contributes to the protection of habitats and thereby biodiversity. Ecosystems provide food, breathable air and clean water. Disrupting the balance between the organism in an ecosystem and their interaction with the environment can result in significant and irreversible damages. Ecosystems also represent an exceptional source of outdoor recreation opportunities. The functions performed by ecosystems that increase our well-being are called ecosystem services. A new initiative describes how different EU policies can help to increase the services and benefits provided by ecosystems and calls for the inclusion of the ecosystem services approach into European policy measures affecting the use or state of natural resources.



Natural resources are central to human wellbeing. We cannot live without the clean air we breathe, the plants we eat, or the water we drink. We need natural resources to put roofs over our heads and heat our homes. We need them to survive and to thrive. The concept of natural resources refers to naturally occurring living and non-living elements of the Earth system, including plants, fish, and fungi, but also water, soil, and minerals. A prominent way to think about natural resources is to look at them in terms of depletion risk: do they regenerate, and, if so, at what pace? Some resources, such as trees and plants, are renewable because they regenerate relatively quickly. Others, such as copper and oil, take much longer to form and are considered non-renewable.

This topic provides an overview of Attractions development for tourism sector and various destinations. We’ll discover what the term implies, what resources are covered, what technologies may be utilized to exploit these resources, and what obstacles this field confronts. It will also demonstrate how green energy links to tourism and what exemplary examples of practice exist.



The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) aim to transform our world. They are a call to action to end poverty and inequality, protect the planet, and ensure that all people enjoy health, justice and prosperity. It is critical that no one is left behind. The SDGs seek to advance the fight against poverty and hunger, reduce environmental degradation, and in return improve health, education, gender equality, peace and justice.