Waste management is important as it saves the environment from the toxic effects of inorganic and biodegradable element present in waste. Mismanagement of waste can cause water contamination, soil erosion and air contamination.
Waste can be recycled if collected and managed efficiently. Waste materials such as plastic, glass and paper can be segregated into different columns to process them to make new products which will save natural resources. Moreover, when this waste is not recycled, it usually ends up in landfills or oceans posing a threat to human health and marine life. In most areas of the world, sewage treatment is not done properly, leading to eutrophication and beach closures. According to World Wildlife Fund (WWF) an estimate of 8 million ton plastic ends up in oceans each year.